9:00 am to 10:30 am
(A) Introduction of dry needling in Foot & Ankle domain.
(B) APTA, ASAP guidelines for safe dry needling.
(C) Contraindications & Indications of dry needling.
(D) Adverse affects, Precautions & Limitations of dry needling.
(E) Needle safety & infection control, OSHA standard.
(F) Understanding areas of caution in Foot & Ankle region.
10:30 am to 12:00 noon
The functional integrated approach of needling of the following muscles, bands and
tendons & its functional areas of the Foot & Ankle will be explained in detail with the practical
(A) Plantar Functional Areas:
(1) First Layer Muscles:
(a) Abductor Hallucis
(b) Flexor Digitorum Brevis
(c) Abductor Digitiminimi.
12:00 Noon to 1:00 pm
1:00 pm to 3:00 pm
(1) Second Layer Muscles:
(a) Quadratus Plantae
(2) Third Layer Muscles:
(a) Flexor Hallucis Brevis
(b) Adductor Hallucis (Oblique & Transverse)
(c) Flexor Digitiminimi.
(3) Fourth Layer Muscles:
(a) Plantar Interosseous
(b) Opponens Digitiminimi.
3:00 pm to 5:00 pm
(A) Pathological Interventions:
(1) Turf Toe
(3) Heel Spur.